Supreme Court Of India

K. Ganesh Shet V. A.K. Jayarama Sheka .

Civil Appeal No. 1440 Of 2004 - 1441 Of 2004. 27-08-2004

JUDGMENT

R.C. Lahoti, CJI.

1. Proceedings for eviction of tenant on the ground available under Section 21(1)(f) of the Karnataka Rent Control Act, 1961 (hereinafter, the Act for short) were initiated. The Trial Court dismissed the claim for eviction. The landlord preferred revision before the Court of District Judge which was allowed and the tenant and the sub-tenants were directed to be evicted. The two sub-tenants preferred revisions in the High Court. The High Court has upheld the finding of fact recorded by the District Judge that the premises were sub-let without the consent of the landlord. However, still the High Court has granted relief to the sub-tenants and denied relief of eviction to the landlord. The High Court has formed an opinion that in spite of the sub-tenants having been illegally inducted into the premises, the original tenant had died and the sub-tenants were holding under the legal representatives of the original tenant and the sub-tenants deserved to be shown mercy. The High Court directed the rent which was being paid by the sub-tenants at the rate of Rs.600/- per month to be enhanced to Rs. 1000/- per month and that too directly to the landlord bypassing the tenant and having done so directed the claim for eviction to be dismissed. Consequently, these two appeals by special leave have been filed by the landlord.

2. Having heard the learned counsel for the parties we are satisfied that the judgment of the High Court cannot be sustained.

3. During the pendency of these appeals, the Act of 1961 has been repealed and replaced by the Karnataka Rent Control Act, 1999 with effect from 31.12.1999. Dealing with Section 70 of the New Act we have today held in M/s. Mahendra Saree Emporium vs. G.V. Srinivasa Murthy (Civil Appeal No. 6296 of 1998 decided on August 27, 2004) that these appeals shall not abate and shall be heard and decided as if the 1999 Act was not passed.

4. The sole question which arises for decision in these appeals is whether the High Court was justified in refusing to evict the tenant and the sub-tenants simply because the original tenant had died and the sub-tenants deserved to be treated with mercy. The High Court drew support from the decision of this Court in A.S. Sulochana vs. C. Dharmalingam (1967) 1 SCC 180 according to which if the sub-tenancy was created by a tenant and the tenant had died then the legal heirs of the tenant and the sub-tenants could not be evicted "for the sin committed by the deceased tenant". The view of the law so taken in A.S. Sulochana's case, stands overruled. (See Parvinder Singh vs. Renu Gautam and Others. - (2004) 4 SCC 794. The sub-tenancy was created in 1978 without the consent of the tenant. The finding as to certain of sub-tenancy has been recorded by the learned District Judge on appreciation of evidence within his jurisdiction and has been upheld by the High Court. We find no reason to interfere with that finding of fact. The legal consequences must therefore follow. The landlord has successfully made out a ground for eviction and the tenant must be evicted along with the sub-tenants.

5. The appeals are allowed. The judgment of the High Court is set aside and instead that of the District Judge is restored. However, the decree for eviction shall remain suspended for a period of four months from today subject to the tenant and the sub-tenants filling the usual undertaking within a period of four weeks from today in the Executing Court.

6. The appellant shall be entitled to costs throughout from the respondent-tenand and sub-tenants.

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